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AI Revolution: Robot Operation System

Sophia, the first humanoid robot to receive citizenship of a country.   She was featured on the cover of Ella Brazil magazine and has a...

venerdì 29 dicembre 2017

AI Revolution: Robot Operation System

Sophia, the first humanoid robot to receive citizenship of a country. She was featured on the cover of Ella Brazil magazine and has appeared on NBC’s The Tonight Show with Jimmy Fallon.

Artificial Intelligence is the fourth industrial revolution after the invention of steam power, electricity, electronics and software. And Bottos will be the key driving force for this revolution as the data becomes the core competitive power in AI development.

Reporters film an artificial intelligence machine named AI-MATHS in Chengdu, China. The machine sat the maths portion of China's 2017 university entrance exam, finishing it faster than the average human but scoring similar grades © AFP

Bottos, named after "robot operation system," aims to build the largest global data sharing network to evolve the AI ecosystem using Blockchain technology. 

It allows the AI developers to acquire the high-quality data in an inexpensive and efficient way from the P2P based network and the data contributors to get compensated with the BTO tokens issued by Bottos for the data service provided. 

Since the 1950s, AI research has focused on five fields: reasoning, knowledge, planning, communication and perception. Data such as cocktail party recording will help improve the AI model for speech recognition

Collected SME (small and medium enterprises) knowledge will train the machine to perform more complicated tasks. 

Millions of high-resolution pictures will add significant value into computer vision research.

The strength of data as the key driver for AI model development not only lies in its volume aspect (so called "big data") but also its accuracy and being specific. 

Therefore the emergence of Bottos will help solve the pain point that most AI projects have today in terms of acquiring large amounts of high-quality data to meet the specific needs of model training

A detailed data requirement can be posted by the AI project team in Bottos' network. Thousands of data contributors can join to provide the raw data, to verify, clean or transform the data, or even to provide the data storage, etc. 

The AI modelers can also sell their model in Bottos when they are ready to commercialize their products. Such a decentralized marketplace for data and model service will make a huge impact to any industries that try to leverage the data and analytics to improve its competitiveness.

Bottos' token sale will start on 7AM EST December 31, 2017.

Automation Anywhere Sets the Highest Standard for Digital Workforce Platforms with its Latest Release Dec 11, 2017

A boy looks at a robot that can solve a Rubik's Cube puzzle at China International Internet Plus Exposition in Foshan, south China's Guangdong Province, Sept. 10, 2015. (Xinhua/Liang Xu)

SYDNEY - Around the world, the shift toward a more autonomous future has been heralded by some as the harbinger of end times, while others are adamant that the sentient computer-driven revolution will usher in a new era of technological progress - the likes of which have never been seen in human history, let alone imagined.
As countries and companies race to be at the forefront of this new technological sector of discovery, one scientist believes that China is extremely well-placed to benefit from the exciting future that artificial intelligence (AI) has to offer the world.

Toby Walsh, a professor of artificial intelligence at Australia's University of New South Wales, spoke to Xinhua recently at his fully purposed robot lab on campus that with the current shift toward a consumption-driven economy, the stage is set for China to benefit immensely from the AI revolution.
"China is making a very sensible bet here on AI. It is very well placed to take advantage of the coming AI revolution. It has a lot of data, it has lots of big tech companies which are well positioned to develop," Walsh said.
"It is making very strong bets in this area, so I imagine that China is going to do very well out of this revolution."
China's State Council has announced the Next Generation Artificial Intelligence Plan that will see China take steps to become a global innovation center in this field.

Humanoid robot Jiajia produced by University of Science and Technology of China 
AI has already begun to manifest itself in ways which most people do not realize, and Walsh said that it has been happening as a gradual process and will continue to do so, albeit at a somewhat faster pace as the technology improves and develops.
"AI is becoming more and more widespread in our lives, people don't realize it's there. Every time you speak to your smartphone, every time you get a product recommendation, every time you use the satellite navigation system in your car, you are using a bit of AI," Walsh said.
"Eventually it will become like electricity, it will be everywhere. In every room, in every car, in every device, we will be using AI - it will be the operating system of the future."
China's role in the AI sphere is also comforting to Walsh, who said that he feels worried that the benefits of the rapid advancements in technology that will be made will potentially be too isolated as they are often "winner take all markets" driven by the network effects of the technology.
"There's only one search engine on the planet - Google - outside of China. There's only one social media network on the planet - Facebook - outside of China. There's only one twitter like service, messaging service, on the planet - Twitter - outside of China," Walsh said.
"The reason that China has had the good sense to protect their own market is that they then have some competition, and if we don't do enough there will be so much power, so much wealth, concentrated into the hands of a few corporations, that they will be wealthier than countries, and they are not answerable like countries - to the people."
As China continues to make rapid advancements in the AI field and continues to invest heavily into the research and development aspect of this emerging technology, recent studies show that China is poised to become and possibly surpass all others in the pursuit of AI technological eminence.
These studies, such as a recent McKinsey Global Institute report that suggested within that not only will China be able to deploy AI technology successfully due to its "wide range of industries proving a fertile market for deployment," but also could potentially broaden the scope from the domestic level to a more international approach.
"Artificial intelligence has the potential to fundamentally shape our society for many decades to come. It is a uniquely powerful tool that China can deploy to boost its productivity and maintain its growth trajectory," the report said.
"The technology industry is becoming increasingly global. China has the capability and opportunity to lead international collaboration in the development and governance of AI, ensuring that this breakthrough technology will positively contribute to the general welfare of all humanity."

POTREBBE chiamarsi The Voice. Ma non canta ''My Way'' e non calca i palcoscenici, almeno per ora. Il suo nome è Tacotron 2: si tratta di un nuovo sistema di sintesi vocale messo a punto da Google, così accurato e preciso da essere praticamente indistinguibile da una 'verà voce umana

A sviluppare Tacotron 2, come raccontano gli esperti di Google in un articolo pubblicato su ArXiv, il server che ospita i lavori scientifici prima della pubblicazione su rivista, è stato un algoritmo di intelligenza artificiale basato su due diverse reti neurali. Il sistema sarà utilizzato per migliorare Google Assistant, il segretario digitale di Android da poco arrivato anche in Italia.


Tacotron 2, tecnicamente, è un sistema di text-to-speech, ovvero, come scrivono gli autori del lavoro, "un'architettura basata su reti neurali per la sintesi vocale direttamente dal testo". La generazione della voce avviene in due passaggi: la prima rete neurale legge il testo e lo traduce in uno spettrogramma, il grafico che rappresenta l'evoluzione temporale delle frequenze sonore. Lo spettrogramma, poi, viene dato in pasto a WaveNet, un algoritmo messo a punto da Google lo scorso anno in grado di leggere le frequenze e rigenerare il suono corrispondente con un elevatissimo grado di accuratezza. Tanto da riuscire a riprodurre persino il flebile suono del respiro umano tra una parola e l'altra.


Stando a quel che dicono i suoi creatori, Tacotron 2 è estremamente versatile. Le reti neurali alla base del sistema, infatti, sono in grado di comprendere il senso generale del testo che leggono e di decidere quindi in autonomia, per esempio, su quali parole porre più enfasi. Fanno inoltre particolare attenzione alla punteggiatura e possono essere istruite a pronunciare con più forza parole scritte in maiuscolo.
Up to 800 million global workers will lose their jobs by 2030 and be replaced by robotic automation, a new report from a consultancy has found.
The study of 46 countries and 800 occupations by the McKinsey Global Institute found that up to one-fifth of the global work force will be affected.
It said one-third of the workforce in richer nations like Germany and the US may need to retrain for other jobs.
Machine operators and food workers will be hit hardest, the report says.
Poorer countries that have less money to invest in automation will not be affected as much, according to McKinsey.

India, the authors write, will only have about 9% of jobs replaced by emerging technologies.
The authors see tasks carried out by mortgage brokers, paralegals, accountants, and some back-office staff as especially vulnerable to automation.
Jobs requiring human interaction such as doctors, lawyers, teachers and bartenders are seen by McKinsey as less prone to automation.
Specialised lower-wage jobs, such as gardening, plumbing and care work, will also be less affected by automation, the study predicted.
In developed countries, the need for a university education will grow, as jobs that require less education shrink.
In the US alone, 39 to 73 million jobs may be eliminated by 2030, but about 20 million of those displaced workers may be able to easily transfer to other industries, according to the McKinsey report.
In the UK, 20% of current jobs will be automated over the same period, the author's forecast.
The authors believe the world will see a transition on the scale of the early 1900s when much of global industry switched from farming to factory work.
But they caution that new technology will yield new types of jobs, similar to the introduction of the personal computer in the 1980s which led to technology support work, and online business.
The report's authors urge governments to enact plans to retrain their citizens.

A report by the Institute for Public Policy Research (IPPR) think tank said increasing automation had the potential to deliver a powerful boost to the productivity of UK business, bringing a future of “economic plenty”.

However it warned that unless the change was properly managed by government, there was a danger that the benefits would be “narrowly” concentrated in the hands of investors and small numbers of highly-skilled workers while the rest lost out.

The report estimates that jobs generating wages of £290 billion a year – representing a third of all wages and earnings from labour in the UK economy – have the potential to be automated.

However it rejects the idea that the country is heading for a “post human” economy, arguing that most jobs are likely to be “reallocated” rather than eliminated, as output increases and new sources of wealth are created.

As a result, it said, the biggest challenge for ministers would be to ensure that the rewards of automation were fairly distributed.

“Without effective management from the Government, inequality is likely to increase because of unequal ownership of capital and highly-skilled workers being able to command higher wages and better jobs,” the IPPR said.

Among its proposals was a call for the creation of a new authority for the ethical use of robotics and artificial intelligence, modelled on the Human Fertilisation and Embryology Authority, to be established to regulate the future use of automating technologies.

A Government spokesman said: “We have a resilient and diverse labour market in the UK, demonstrated by the latest record-breaking figures showing more people in work than ever before.

“Whether it’s in cyberspace or on the shop floor, advances in technology bring new jobs and it’s only right that we embrace these opportunities, support new skills and help more people get into employment to secure a workforce of the future.

“As part of our modern industrial strategy and its artificial intelligence grand challenge, the Government is committed to ensuring that the UK is to able to seize the opportunities and overcome the obstacles that exist in this area.

“Government is working closely with industry to ensure the benefits of new technologies are felt across different sectors of the economy up and down the country, while creating new high-skill, well-paid jobs.”
Chef Cui, the noodle-slicing robot, may quickly replace human workers in the field, with skills reportedly comparable to man himself.

Cleaning Robot Market Plying for Significant Growth During 2015 – 2021 29 DECEMBER 2017 PERSISTENCE MARKET RESEARCH


Made-in-Vietnam robot used in Hanoi coffee shop 15/12/2017

ARTIFICIAL intelligence weapons will be impossible for humans to stop as they stealthy managed to take over the world’s computer systems without mankind noticing, it has been warned.

Tech giant Mike Lynch, described as Britain’s answer to Bill Gates, has warned 2018 will be the year of “machine-on-machine attack” as he painted a grim picture of weaponised AI.
Lynch, who is worth around £500million, warned machines will completely take over the digital battlefield and humans won’t be able to stop them.
Cyberattacks have hit headlines this year as the US accused North Korea of unleashing the “wannacry” virus on the world.
And the millionaire, who founded software company HP Autonomy, said AI driven tools infecting machines will be able to scoop up every single bit of data about mankind.
He predicted the systems will get so good at this, they will inevitably be able to impersonate real people – even your friends and family.
Writing for Wired, Lynch predicted AI warfare in the cyber realm will come to the forefront next year – with the technology becoming able to “take over entire systems”.
The bots will also be able to “grow stronger”comparing the systems to the HIV virus that “targets the very defences deployed against it”.
AI viruses will be able to work out how firewalls or software designed to stop works and will be able to sneak its way around them.
Lynch said: “Like the HIV virus, which is so pernicious because it uses the body's own defences to replicate itself, these new machine intelligences will target the very defences deployed against it.
“They will learn how the firewall works, the analytics models used to detect attacks and times of day that the security team is in the office. They will then adapt to avoid and weaken them.
All the while, it will use its strength to spread, creating inroads for compromise and contaminating devices with brutal efficiency.”
He added: “As early as 2018, we can expect to see truly autonomous weaponised artificial intelligence that delivers its blows slowly, stealthily and virtually without trace.
“And 2018 will be the year of the machine-on-machine attack.”
AI systems will hideout in your computer, gathering data on you so it can pretend to be you and fool people without fail.
It will learn how you talk, type and write and work out intimate details about your personal relationships and take over your life, Mr Lynch warned.
And tackling them will have to be done with other AIs, meaning humans will have to give up dominion over the digital realm.
He said: “They will be too clever and stealthy to combat other than with other AIs.
This is one arena we'll have to give up control, not take it back.
Scientists are making great strides in the development of AI, and there are predictions one day humans will merge with machines.

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